A while ago, a friend of mine bought a new camera. He soon discovered the joy of taking pictures. In a matter of months, he was taking hundreds of pictures every day. At first, many of his shots were not very good. But he continued to shoot. As he practiced, his pictures became better and better. In less than a year, he had taken over 50,000 photographs. Many of these shots were very good, and he started winning awards and receiving recognition for his photography.
Some good photos come from good luck. But good photographers know the rules of taking good photos. These rules give them a sense for taking good pictures. You can learn this sense, too. Part One in this series is about composition. Part Two is also about composition, especially about how to frame a photo when you take it.
For framing, remember that you can take both portrait and landscape shots. In portrait shots, the picture is taller than it is wide. And in landscape shots, the picture is wider than it is tall. Look at the two pictures of the lighthouse. In the wide one, the focal point is the flower, and the lighthouse is background. This image needs a wide frame. In the tall one, the picture emphasizes that the building is high. This image needs a tall frame.
You can also use the environment to create your frame. The guitarist is framed by the lights, the curtain, the microphones, and even his guitar. The pianist is framed by almost all the lines in the photo. He is framed by one bass on the left and another bass on the right. He is also framed by the picture behind him, and he is framed by the lines of the chair and the lines of the piano. In both these pictures, the frames and lines do not cut through the people. Instead, the people are surrounded and framed by the lines.
Framing is an important part of composing a good picture. When you take a picture, try to frame it in many different ways. Move closer, and move farther away. Try a portrait shot, and then try landscape. Find the lines in the environment, and use them to frame your focal point. Take many shots, and try many frames. This will increase your chances of taking good pictures.