In the modern world, many people cannot live easily without a car, but just 100 years ago, that was not the case. The Ford Motor Company produced its first car in 1903. It was called the Ford Model A, and a doctor from Chicago, Illinois, became the first owner of a Model A on July 23, 1903.
From 1903 to 1904, Ford made 1,750 cars. In 1904, the Model A was replaced by the Model C. Eventually, the Ford Motor Company became famous for the mass production of cars, and it has continued to develop its line of cars ever since. In 2008, Ford made over 5.5 million cars, and today it is one of the biggest car companies in the world.
The Ford Motor Company, however, did not invent the first car. Karl Benz is generally regarded as the inventor of the first car. He built the Motorwagen with a gasoline engine in 1885. Benz is also the pioneering founder of the car maker Mercedes-Benz.
Companies like Ford and Mercedes-Benz helped make cars a necessity of modern life. As of 2007, over 600 million passenger cars ran on the roads of the world. That is one car for every eleven people. Every year, these cars use 260 billion gallons of gasoline. One gallon is equal to 3.785 liters, so all the cars in the world burn about 164 liters of gas per year for every person on the planet.